What are Three Black Crows Candlesticks?
They are bearish candlestick pattern with long real bodies and small or no wicks. They are complex candlestick pattern made of three candlelines. On all the three days market opens at the high price of the day and closes at the low price of the day. They are bearish in nature and appear after the end of an up trend.
Crows are sometimes referred as mark of omen or something bad. So these three black candlesticks are referred as black crows, cautioning that it is bad for the market.
Three Black Crows typically appear at the beginning of a down trend. When the bullishisness has waned out and when there is clear indication of the beginning of a down trend, there is an increased supply of the stock.
As the market opens traders wants to sell that particular stock. Through out the day people keep selling the stock. So the market opens at almost high of the day and closes at almost low of the day. This creates a long black candle with small or no wicks.
On the second day the market opens at the middle or at the low of the previous day's price range. The price falls with increased supply. Traders keep selling through out the day and at the end of the day the market closes at the low of the day.
This frenzy selling continues on the third day also. So we will have three black candles stacked side by side with lower highs and lower lows.
Study the chart given below.
Three Black Crows is a complex candlestick pattern, which shows the weakness of the declining market. Just after the end of the bull phase it marks the beginning of a bear phase. Three Black candles with high volume are very significant.
They clearly indicate the increased supply of the stock. The sell off has continued consecutively for three days. When the supply is sustained for three days continuously, with three days of lower lows and lower highs it speaks for the internal weakness of the market. It may be the beginning of a long bearish phase.
Study the chart above.
Three black candles can also be seen in middle of a down trend. This signifies increased momentum in the ongoing bear phase. The market continues to go down with may be a small rallies.
Study the chart above.
Three Black Crows can also be seen at end of a down trend. If the black candlesticks are very extended and gaping, it may be an overbought market. This is the climax of the bear phase. All the commons wants to get rid of the stock. They are all highly bearish. But if the fundamentals are good, this sell off is utilized by the smart money to accumulate the stock.
In the above chart the down fall came to an abrupt end, followed by white candles with increased volume.
These also contain three black candlesticks which have successive lower lows and lower highs. But they also have successive shorter and shorter real bodies and may be longer and longer shadows. These shorter bodies and longer wicks indicate loss of momentum in underlying bearishness of the market.
Although these do not indicate bullishness, one should become cautious to protect their short position. If this pattern is followed by a bullish confirmation candle, one should cover his short position. If the fundamentals are strong or technically if you are expecting an uptrend, you can initiate a long position above the high of the confirmation candlestick, with low of the last two candles as the stop loss.
Study the chart above.
Although the Advanced Block pattern of Three Black Crows Candlestick Pattern did stop the down fall, the prices hit the resistance at the neck line of Head and Shoulder pattern and continued to fall.
This pattern also consists of three black candles. The third of the three black candles has a short real body which may be accompanied with longer shadows. This is an indecision candle which stalls the bearishness of the market and alerts us to take action to protect the short position.
The frenzy bearishness may be used by the smart money to buy at low levels to create long position. This increased demand stalls the price fall.
If this pattern is followed by a bullish confirmation candle, one should be on his toes to cover his short position and plan to go long above the high of the confirmation candlestick, with low of the last two candles as the stop loss.
If there is a gap between second and third candle and followed by a bullish confirmation candle, it completes the formation of morning star pattern which is a strong bullish pattern.
Counter part of this Three Black Crows pattern in a candle chart is Three White Soldiers Candlestick Pattern.
Read about it by clicking on the link below.
There are many more complex candlestick patterns used in stock analysis. Some of them are listed below. You may click on the name of each pattern listed bearish to learn and understand more about them.